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domingo, 6 de enero de 2008

+ ¿ Porqué la lengua latina? +

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El día de ayer mi hermano Manuel, con el que siempre discuto de religión, me cuestiono sobre el asunto de la lengua latina dentro de la Iglesia, ¿Porque ella y no otra? Yo me quede sin palabras porque he asistido a algunas liturgias orientales sumamente respetuosas que son dichas en idiomas diversos y que además están aceptados por la Iglesia y que guardan una tradición milenaria. ¿Por qué él latín entonces?
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En eso nuestro buen amigo el Padre Navas me hizo llegar providencialmente esta entrevista interesante, sobre el tema de "el latín en el Vaticano II" según lo que dijo el cardenal Stickler (cf del P. Aulagnier « en hommage au cardinal Stickler » Regards sur le monde au 21 décembre, n° 151 )
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Entrevista de Radio Vaticano - redacción en lengua alemana-, al Padre Gero Weishaupt, latinista publicado por
http://www.kath.net/
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Kath.net: ¿Por qué el latín tiene tal importancia para la Iglesia?
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Gero W.: el uso del latín en la Iglesia obtiene su fuerza de un triple significado simbólico: es la expresión de la universalidad, de la unidad, y de la trascendencia . Los Papas siempre han hecho hincapié sobre la importancia del latín en la Iglesia católica. Así el papa Pío XI, en su Carta Officium ómnium del 1º de agosto de 1922, constataba: "Como la Iglesia engloba a todos los pueblos, y que está destinada a durar hasta el final de los tiempos, es conforme a su naturaleza poseer una lengua universal e inmutable. Esta lengua es el latín. "Según Juan XXIII, la lengua latina conviene perfectamente a la esencia de la Iglesia como comunidad universal cuya fe es inmutable. Es lo que escribe en la Constitución apostólica Veterum Sapientiae del 22 de febrero 1962, un texto memorable, digno de leerse y estudiase. La Iglesia Católica es universal: engloba toda la tierra y enlaza a todos los pueblos entre ellos. Como comunidad universal y unificante, merece poseer una lengua que, desde la decadencia del Imperio romano, ya no ha sido hablada por ningún pueblo, y que, por lo tanto, se sitúa igualmente sobre toda lengua viva actual. Resulta entonces evidente el usar el latín en los textos destinados a toda la Iglesia a través del mundo - se piensa aquí en los libros jurídicos de la Iglesia ( Codex Iuris Canonici), en los documentos pontificales como las Encíclicas, las Constituciones Apostólicas o las Exhortaciones post sinodales.
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El empleo del latín en este tipo de textos pone de manifiesto claramente que van dirigidos a todos los católicos del mundo entero. El uso del latín permite evitar favorecer a un pueblo en particular, lo que ocurriría inevitablemente si los documentos oficiales de la Iglesia se publicaran en una lengua particular. Es una de las razones por la cual la Curia romana no difunde los documentos de la Iglesia universal en inglés o en español, sino en latín. Roma siempre ha sido, en cuanto la ciudad de S. Pedro, el centro de la Iglesia universal y la garante de la unidad en la universalidad. Y cómo puede expresar mejor esta unidad, y el vínculo de todos los católicos con el Sucesor de Pedro en la sede episcopal de Roma sino a través de esta lengua latina, que siempre fue la lengua materna de esta ciudad, y que, a menos desde el siglo IV es la lengua universal del Orbis Catholicus.

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Pero el latín hace mucho más que expresar la unidad y el vínculo entre todos los pueblos. Como lengua sagrada, posee otra fuerza simbólica: la de traducir la trascendencia. Porque se trata de una lengua que no se refiere al tiempo y que como "lengua muerta" no se somete, (con el uso cotidiano) a ninguna alteración del sentido, simboliza también la eternidad, la inmutabilidad, y así pasa a ser un signo mayor de la trascendencia divina.Quién esta familiarizado con las oraciones latinas reconoce fácilmente el estilo impregnante, conciso, elegante en su sintaxis, enriquecido de expresiones verbales y efectos sonoros, usando una precisión cuasi-jurídica. Este es el estilo característico del pensamiento romano que da a la liturgia latina su grandeza, su simplicidad, su dignidad y su objetividad. Como un iconostasio, la lengua latina, lengua del culto de la Iglesia Católica, constituye una cubierta protectriz de lo sagrado.
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Pax et Bonum,
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+ Clara de Asís +
www.juventutem.com.ar

3 comentarios:

  1. Lamentablemente para algunos, mencionar el Latin, es sinonimo de "retroceso", parece que la modernidad, lo "progre" es la moda, y los demas, se han (o nos hemos) quedado en la era prehistorica.

    Leonardo.

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  2. Mira vos, alguien de Mendoza nos escribe, que buen contacto! :-) Podrías escribirnos al mail para conocernos mejor.

    Pax et Bonum
    + Clara de Asís +
    felisa@juventutem.com.ar

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  3. http://cathcon.blogspot.com/2008/01/satanic-sects-in-vatican.html

    Tuesday, January 08, 2008
    Satanic sects in the Vatican


    Cathcon translation of
    Satanische Sekten im Vatikan

    Don Gabriele Amorth is the busiest exorcist in Europe. His job is to keep the Roman Pontiff free of demons. This is because, says the priest, the devil is abroad in the Vatican. SPIEGEL Author Alexander Smoltczyk has visited the priest - and to test out any demons.

    Rome - Everything goes wrong today. First, the Roman taxi drivers strike without any warning. Even the address specified cannot be found on the map plan of the city. Then the photographer calls and says that his camera had not charged. He must dismantle and repair it. All seems jinxed. "You are an hour late," is the first sentence of Father Gabriele Amorth. He smiles.



    Don Gabriele is the Chief Exorcist of the Diocese of Rome and hence the caster out of devils responsible to the Bishop of Rome, Pope Benedict XVI. The 82-year-old priest is in a cassock with 33 buttons. He is almost bald, the double chin hangs down, a little like a Basset. For Father Amorth, the devil is not a metaphor but daily practice, office hours being from 9 to 16.30. "I am the only Exorcist, seven days a week, from morning until the afternoon, including Christmas Eve and Easter. I have in 21 years performed more than 70,000 exorcisms. Even when I was younger, I managed an average of fifteen, sixteen exorcisms a day. Now, I have slowed down a little."

    The private practice of exorcist looks like a kitchen. It is half tiled, with a sink, a small altar, and in the middle a table on which can be found a plastic cup and a bottle of mineral water (of the San Benedetto brand). On the walls are pictures of St Padre Pio, Pope John Paul II and Amorth’s teacher Don Candido Amantini. There is nothing which can be called uncanny, no smell of sulphur, no incense burners or benches.

    Amorth is not a nut-case. In addition to theology, he also has a law degree. His books are translated into 21 languages, including into Japanese. The Father is an authority in the field of Mariology, theology relating to the Mother of God. Amorth in 1990 founded the International Society of Exorcists, "whose honorary president he remains today. "We were," he says, "nine exorcists here in Rome. One is sick, one has been promoted and moved." Within the Vatican walls, a Padre Davide was working, but had to abandon his work. This was on grounds not because there was nothing to do within the Church.

    On the contrary: "The devil is acting in Fatima, in Lourdes, everywhere. And he is certainly in the Vatican, the center of Christianity." Father Amorth does not mean that the black danger is the convention of the Jesuits who have been since yesterday, Monday, meeting in Rome to elect their new General, the "Black Pope". No: "In the Vatican, there are satanic cults. They are everywhere. One does not see them. But they are there."

    Even Mother Teresa was exorcised.

    He recalls the case of Tommaso Stenico, a priest working in the Curia who, was recently prompted by demons, to invite a series of boys onto the premises of the former Holy Inquisition. He became the victim of a "diabolical plan" as the priest said in his defence. Father Amorth said that there was just no perfect protection against Beelzebub and cohorts. Even rosaries are not 100 percent sure. Even Mother Teresa had been exorcised in her final years of life:

    "There are saints that are even on their deathbed specifically attacked by demons. During their life they could defend themselves, but at the end of life the devil uses their weakness." That would mean that even he himself, Don Gabriele Amorth, is not immune to the devil? "Of course not. Cardinal Poletti said to me, when he appointed me to the rank of exorcist, that the Madonna had recommended me. The devil has often told me that I am too well protected for him to anything exceptional. Everyday temptations remain."

    And the Holy Father ...? "Theoretically, a pope can be possessed. Nevertheless, the Holy Father can rely on a formation of protective angels. Alexander VI himself, who can be viewed as the worst of all popes, surrendered himself to the Virgin Mary, and made most of his mistakes before his appointment. As Pope, he was largely correct. But, in theory, it is possible. If Saints can be possessed, then also the Holy Father can be."

    He has been assisting, said Amorth, for the past few years, two demon possessed nuns who dedicated their lives to the conversion of sinners : "God has given them the possession as a sort of atonement." An exorcism does not always mean the possession ends: "But a quasi-liberation is obtained. The suffering diminishes. Again, you can pray, you can go to church, confess, go to Communion in an unremarkable way."

    The German Pope is incidentally quite receptive to his profession, says the Exorcist: "As president of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Cardinal Ratzinger played a key role in the new catechism. Several times I have spoken with him and he has greatly encouraged me during audiences. Nevertheless, I do not believe that he has ever performed an exorcism, unlike Wojtyla. " At the conclusion of the visit, "Oops! - Et orbi" was tested as to whether he was possessed by any demons or devils. The result was negative. The possession lies clearly below the detection limit.

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